What are verbs? They describe actions, states of being, or occurrences within sentences. Verbs are needed to connect the subject and the object of sentences.
Transitive and non-transitive verbs:
Transitive verbs have a direct object right after the verb and connect the action of the verb to the noun.
"Mark brings a pot of flowers home."
Intransitive verbs do not have a direct noun after the verb as they do not require an object to create a sentence.
The bird is flying.
*To find a transitive verb, find the verb in the sentence first and then ask "what" or "whom". If the sentence answers those questions, it is transitive.*
Infinitives, Gerunds, and Present Participles:
An infinitive verb is the base form of a verb. Some examples include: To be, to walk, to have, to think, to talk
"I don't know what to do."
A gerund is a verb which ending is -ing and functions as a noun.
"I like learning." ---> The word "learning" is a noun in this sentence and "like" is the transitive verb.
"Reading new books is an excellent way to increase knowledge."
A present participle also has an -ing ending, although its function is not as a noun. Rather, it functions as a verb within the continuous/progressive tense.
"I'm enjoying the evening."
Regular and Irregular Verbs: Each type of verb has its own way of forming past tenses. There is the past simple and past participle, the latter being adaptable within all the perfect aspect of each tense as well as possibly being used as an adjective.
Regular verbs have an -ed ending, although irregular verbs has its own usage of distinct endings.
Stative verbs (or noncontinuous verbs) cannot be converted into a present participle, which means you aren't able to add an -ing ending. These verbs are abstract in nature and not physical actions such as to like, to enjoy, to know, and to have.
Dynamic Verbs (continuous verbs) are action verbs and converted to a present participle and are able to be used in the continuous/progressive tense. Dynamic verbs are action verbs such as to run, to write, to read, and to plan.
Mixed verbs can be dynamic or stative, which is dependant upon the context they have within a sentence.
"I have fun on the weekend." ---> "have" means "own" and is stative.
"I think English is easy to learn." ---> In this context, "think" is synonymous with "have the opinion" and is also stative.
Auxiliary verbs: These are verbs which help the main verb express its meaning within a sentence. To be, to do, to have, and will are all auxiliary verbs.
"She has told me what she wants for dinner."
However, these verbs aren't always used as auxiliary verbs and are able to be used as main verbs as well.
"He is a good guy."
Modal Verbs: These indicate ability, advice, obligation, permission, and possibility.